class 8 history chapter 11 notes

Class 8 history chapter 11: The National Movement First phase and Second phase.Our Notes cover full summary of chapter with important questions of this chapter. 

 All dates and important Movement's covered. Class 8 history chapter 11 notes - full analysis of chapter. Class 8 sst notes here .

Our Notes of class 8 History Chapter 11 consists of :
1) Full Explanation
2) Important Points
3) Short Question Answers

Chapter 11 : The National Movement  : First phase and Second phase 


Early Movement's after return of Mahatma Gandhi to India (Topic No 1 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)

1) Mahatma Gandhiji was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar (Gujrat), India.

2) Mahatma Gandhiji went to England to Study Law. Gandhiji departed  to South Africa to Practice Law.

3) Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa in 1915.

4) The First Movement in which Gandhiji got involved  was at Champaran in Bihar in 1916.

5) In 1918, Gandhi ji led the workers of textile mills in Ahmedabad against the mill owners. Gandhiji also involved himself with peasants of Kaira (Kheda).

6) By 1919, Gandhi became the popular leader in India.

7) Movements at early 1920s :
     (i ) Peaceful Demonstration.
      (ii ) Boycott of courts.
     (iii) Peaceful defiance of Law.
     (iv) Non- Payment of Taxes.
     (v) Picketing of Shop selling Foreign goods.

8) After the First World War, The Government of India Act of 1919 was passed . 

ROWLATT ACT AND JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE (Topic No 2 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)


9) In March 1919, the government passed the Rowlatt Act. Under Rowlatt Act, British officials could arrest anyone without no trial.
    
10) A countryside protest was coordinated  on 6 April 1919.

11) On 10 April 1919, two National Leaders - Dr Saffuddin Kitchlew and Dr Satya Pal were arrested in Punjab.


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12) On 13 April  1919 , Jallianwala Bagh Massacre takes place.

13) Rabindranath Tagore renounced his Knighthood after Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.

KHILAFAT MOVEMENT AND NON COOPERATION MOVEMENT(Topic No. 3 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)

        
14) Khilafat Movement was introduced by Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali in 1920.
               
15) Non - Cooperation Movement was introduced by Gandhiji in 1920.

16) Gandhi ji gave the title "Kaiser-i-Hind" during Non Cooperation Movement.

17) Constructive Programmes along Non Cooperation Movement:
    (i ) Popularization of Charkha and Khardi.
    (ii) Promotion of Hindu Muslim Unity.
    (iii) Abolition of Untouchability.
    (iv) Spread of education.

18)  Finally ,Congress session of Nagpur in 1920 adopted Non Cooperation programme.

19) On 6 February 1922,Withdrawal of  Non Cooperation Movement takes place.

20) Pro-changers wanted to end the boycott of legislature Councils.

21) In 1923, the Pro-changers formed the Swaraj Party.

22) During Withdraw of Non-Cooperation Movement, Gandhi ji went to jail. Gandhi was released in February 1924 from Jail.

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Mahatma Gandhi during Non Cooperation Movement

23) After release from Jail , Gandhi began to start Constructive Programmes: 
(i ) Removal of Untouchability.
(ii) Promotion of Hindu Muslim unity.
(iii) Spread of Khadi.

24) In 1928, Vallabhbhai Patel organised the Bardoli Satyagraha.

REVOLUTIONARY LEADERS AND MOVEMENT'S (Topic No. 4 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)

25) In 1924, the revolutionary leaders formed the Hindustan Republican Association ( HRA).

26) In 1925, A group of revolutionaries stopped a train at Kakori in Uttar Pradesh and took away the money.

27) Hindustan Republican Association(HRA) changed into Hindustan Socialist Republican Association in 1928.

28) Bhagat Singh was arrested in Legislative Assembly on 8 April 1929.

29) In 1930, Three young revolutionaries killed Inspector General of Prisons.

30) Surya Sen organised the Indian Republican Army.

31) Revolutionaries occupied the police Armoury at Chittagong.

32) Pritilata Waddedar became the Martyr in struggle to free the country.

33) Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were held tight ( or Hanged) on 23 March 1931.

34) Chander Shekhar Azad died at Allahabad in February 1927. 

SIMON COMMISSION AND IT'S IMPACTS (Topic No. 5 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)


35) In November 1927, Government appointed the Commission popularly known as Simon Commission.

36) Sir John Simon was chairman of Simon Commission. Simon Commission arrived in India on 5 February 1928.

37) In 1928, Congress session demanded the Dominion Status.

38) In 1928 , Bhagat Singh and other revolutionaries killed the police officer Saunders.

39) In December 1929, the Congress held session at Lahore. Jwaharlal Nehru was president of Congress at that time. Congress declared "Purna Swaraj".

CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT (Topic No. 6 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)


40) Under the Leadership of Gandhiji,Civil Disobedience Movement was launched.

41) On 12 March 1930 , Gandhi ji started his famous Dandi March.

42) In Tamil Nadu, C.Rajagopalachari led similar March from Trichinopoly to Vedaranyam.

43) In Gujarat, Sarojini Naidu protested in Salt  Depots.

44) No changers Group : Vallabhbhai Patel, C.Rajagopalachari and Rajendra Prasad.

FIRST ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE (Topic No. 7 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)


45) First Round Table Conference in November 1930 takes place.

46) Gandhi Irwin Pact of 1931: It was decided to release Political Prisoners.

47) In September 1931, Second Round Table Conference was conducted and Congress participated .

48) In May 1934, Congress withdraw the Civil Disobedience Movement.

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ACT OF 1935 (Topic No. 8 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)


49) In August 1935, Government announced the Government of India Act 1935.

50) Congress decided to contest the elections to be held in 1937.

QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT (Topic No. 9 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)


51) The Second World War emerged  in 1939.

52) In March 1942, Sir Stafford Cripps came to India with some Proposals. Gandhi depicted the Cripps Proposals as "Post -Dated Cheque on a crashing Bank."

53) In August 1942, Gandhi launched the Quit India Movement. A resolution was moved  on 8 August 1942 in Bombay by All India Congress committee. During Quit India Movement , Gandhi gave slogan of "Do or Die"( Karo ya Maro).

54) By December 1942, Over 60,000 People were arrested due to Quit India Movement.

55)  During the Terrible Famine in Bengal in 1943 , 30 Lakhs people  died. 

INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY (Topic No. 10 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)


56) Formation of Indian National Army was taken by Indian Independence League. General Mohan Singh was it's Leader.

57) In 1943, the Leadership of Azad Hind fauj came in the hands of Subhash Chandra Bose popularly known as Netaji.

58) On 21 October 1943, Netaji declared the Provincial Government in Singapore.

59) Subhash Chandra Bose went Andaman
and hoisted the Flag of Tiranga on 30 December 1943.

60) In 1944, Azad Hind Fauj attempted to enter India through North Eastern Route.
Netaji took help of Japan to organise the Anti - British Revolt. 

61) The Separate women regiment was Rani Jhansi Regiment was formed. It was led by Captain Lakhsmi Swaminathan. 
However, Netaji died in Plane Crash.

CABINET MISSION (Topic No. 11 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)


62) In February 1946, the Cabinet Mission arrived in India.

63) Cabinet Mission proposed Interim Government.

64) Interim government was supervised  by Jwaralal Nehru.

65) In December 1946, the Constituent Assembly started framing Constitution for India.

66) Lord Mountbatten came to India in March 1947 as New Viceroy. Lord Mountbatten presented plan of dividation India and Pakistan.

67) Pakistan consists of West Punjab, Northeast Frontier and East Bengal 
(Currently known as Bangladesh). 

INDEPENDENCE OF INDIA (Topic No. 12 of class 8 history chapter 11 notes)

68) On 15 August 1947, India became Independent nation. 

69) However , Mahatma Gandhi died on 30 January 1930 soon after independence.

70) On 26 January 1950, India became the Republic Nation. 

Class 8 history chapter 11 Extra questions 

1) Name any one famous slogan of Subash Chandra Bose?
Answer: "Delhi Chhalo".

2) Which Department presented Independence Plan Of India?
Answer: Cabinet Mission.

3) Who formed the  Indian Independence League?
Answer: Rash Bihari Bose.

4) Which party of India did not participated in First Round Table conference ?
Answer: Indian National Congress.

5) Which Communities of India participated in First Round Table conference ?
Answer: Muslim league and Representatives of Hindu Mahasabha.

6) When was Salt law Broken ?
Answer: On 6 April 1930 .

7) What does "Dominion Status" word mean ?
Answer: Government by Indians.

8) Why was Police Armoury at Chittagong Occupied by Revolutionaries?
Answer : To get Arms for fighting with British rule.

9) Name any one famous Revolutionary from Bengal?
Answer: Surya Sen.

10) Name the Revolutionary who killed Inspector general of Prisons?
Answer: Benoy Bose and Dinesh Gupta.

11) Why Bhagat Singh thew a bomb in Central Legislative Assembly on 8 April 1929 ?
Answer : To protest against Public Safety Bill and arrest of 31 labourers.

12) Who were Pro - changers ?
Answer: C.R Das , Vithalbhai Patel and Motilal Nehru.

13) Who was British Officer In Amritsar during Jallianwala Bagh Massacre ?
Answer: General Dyer.

14) When was National Humiliation Day observed ?
Answer: On 6 April 1919.

15) When was Montago Chemlsford Reforms passed ?
Answer: 1919.

16) Which thing symbolized the "self reliance" during Non Cooperation Movement?
Answer: Khadi.

17) In Which State Martial law was Imposed during 1920s ?
Answer: Punjab.

18) Why was Bardoli Satyagraha organised ?
Answer: To protest against Peasantry Taxes.

19) Name Two Revolutionaries Which thrown the bomb in Legislative Assembly?
Answer: Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt.

20) Which Conference was organised to discuss the reforms proposed by Simon Commission ?
Answer: First Round Table conference in November 1930.

 

Conclusion

class 8 history chapter 11 notes: full summary of chapter above.In this Article, we covered the Important Points and Important Questions of Chapter National Movement First Phase and Second Phase.
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