India Size and Location Class 9 Geography Notes with Extra Questions

Class 9 Geography Chapter India Size and Location Notes with full explanation and Extra Questions.We also covered important points and important questions of this chapter.

Welcome to Centurion Knowledge, we provide Notes of Social Science from class 6 to class 12.In this Article, We covered the India Size And Location chapter Notes with Extra Questions of class 9 Geography.

Our Notes consists of chapter India Size and Location consists of :

1) India Size and Location Explanation
2) Very Short Answer type Questions of India size and location chapter
3) Important Questions (NCERT) and Important Terms
4) Extra Questions and Answers of Chapter India Size and Location

India Size And Location Class 9 Notes

India's Location Explanation

India is large country in terms of its size. The Indian mainland extends between latitudes 8°4'N and 37°6'N and longitudes 68°7'E and 97°25'E.

The Tropic of Cancer (23°30) divides the country into two equal parts. In southwest of the mainland, Lakshadweep islands are located. In southeast of the mainland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located.

India's Size Explanation

The Indian landmass has an area of 3.28 millions square km. India is the 7th largest country of the world.

India Total Land Mass Area = 2.4% of geographical area of world

India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km and total length of the coastline of the mainland including the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep islands is 7516.6 km.

Important Point to Remember: The East-West extent appears to be smaller than the North-South extent.

Time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30'E) passing through Mirzapur (in UP) is taken as the Standard Time for whole country. The latitudinal extent of India effects the duration of the day and night,when someone moves from south to north.

India And the World Explanation 

The Indian Landmass has a Central location between East and West Asia. The Trans Indian Ocean routes which connects the countries of europe in the west and countries of East Asia provide a strategic central location to India.

India has eminant position in the Indian Ocean because no other country has a long coastline on Indian Ocean as India had.

Important Point to Remember: Since the opening of Suez Canal in 1869, India's distance from Europe has been reduced by 7000 km.

India contact with the world continued through ages. Her landroutes contacts are much older than maritime contacts. These land routes have contributed in the exchange of ideas and commodities. With the exchange of ideas, people's life has also changed.

The ideas of Upanishads, Ramayana, Panchtantra, Indian numerals and Indian decimal system thus could reach many parts of world through these old landroutes.

Indian Neighbours Explanation

Indian Neighbouring Countries in the North: China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan.

Indian neighbouring countries in the northwest: Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Indian Neighbouring Countries in the East: Myanmar and Bangladesh.

Southern Neighbours : Sri lanka and Maldives are india's southern neighbours. Sri lanka is separated from india by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Manner, while Maldives are situated to the south of the Lakshadweep Islands.

India size and location Class 9 Notes questions answers

Very Short Answer type Questions

1) What is the easternmost longitude of India?
Answer: 97°25'E.

2) Which latitude  isolates India into almost two equal parts.
Answer: Tropic of Cancer (23°30'N).

3) Name any two northern neighbours of India. 
Answer: China and Nepal.

4) Name the island group of India lying south to the Arabian Sea. (CBSE 2013)
Answer: The Lakshadweep Islands.

5) What is the total land mass area of India (in Squre km)?
Answer: 3.28 millions square km.

6) What percent of the  world's land area is with India?
Answer: 2.42 %.

7) When was Suez Canal publicly opened?
Answer: In 1869.

8) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim share international boundary with which country?
Answer: Nepal.

9) How much distance has been reduced between India and Europe by the development of Suez canal?
Answer: 7000 Km.

10) Which state in India has longest coastline?
Answer: Gujarat.

11) Which place in India is situated on three seas?
Answer: Kanyakumari.Seas are - Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal.

12) Jammu and Kashmir Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat share international boundary with which country?
Answer: Pakistan.

14) Why is India called a subcontinent?
Answer: India is called a Subcontinent because of its vastness and distinct Physical and Cultural identity.

14) The Tropic of Cancer doesn't pass through:
a) Rajasthan
b) chhatisgarh
c) Mizoram
d) Tripura
Answer: Mizoram.

15) Name the large shallow Bay which separates india and Sri Lanka.
Answer: Gulf of Mannar.

16) Name any four States through which Tropic of Cancer passes.
Answer: Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand.

17) Does India share its international boundary with Afghanistan?
Answer: Yes.

18) Which is largest country of the world?
Answer: Russia.

Extra Questions of Chapter India Size And Location class 9

1) When the Sun rises in Itanagar, it is still night in Porbandar. why? Give any two reasons.
Answer: i) The longitudinal extent is about 30°, it means about 30 longitudes pass from east to west through India.

ii) There is a time difference of 4 minutes between two consecutive longitudes. Hence, time difference between the two consecutive longitudes is 30 x 4 = 120 Mins = 2 Hours.

2) How did India's contact with the rest of world contribute in the exchange of ideas and commodities? Explain.
Answer: i) The ideas of the Upanishads, Ramayana, Gita,etc.,  have came known to the world.

ii) The Indian Numerals as well as decimal system long back crossed the border.The Arabs took these ideas to the europe.

iii) Our old landroutes contributed in the exchange of ideas and commodities since ancient times.

3) Why has India adopted a standard meridian of India with an odd value of 82°30'E?
Answer: Because it divides by 7°30', a standard adopted by almost all the countries of the World. It lies almost in the middle of India and as such,it suits us the most.

4) Explain why Ahmedabad and Kolkata are able to see the noon sun exactly overhead in a year but not Delhi?
Answer: Ahmedabad has latitude 23°N and Kolkata has latitude 22.5°N, while Delhi has latitude 28°N. This means that the first two cities lies within the Tropic of Cancer. Tropic of Cancer is a circle of latitude on the earth that marks the apparent position of the sun at the time of Northern solstice. Thus, Sun is not directly overhead in Delhi.

India size and location class 9 Important questions

1) Why is Indian Ocean named after India? Give three reasons.
Answer: i) India has long Coastline on Indian Ocean.

ii) India has a Central location in the Asia.

iii) Deccan Plateau extends into the Indian Ocean.

2) Write a note on the location and size of India?
Location: i) India is a vast country which lies in eastern hemisphere.

ii) The mainland has latitudes 68°7'E and 97°25'E.

i) landmass of India = 3.28 millions sq. kms.

ii) length of coastline including islands = 7516.6 kms and land boundary of India = 15200 kms.

3) What is the latitudinal extent of India? What are its implications?
Answer: The Indian Union is situated between about 8°4'N and 37°6'N.
i) The southern part of India gets more temperature from the sun than the northern parts.

ii) Southern parts of India experience less Annual rainfall as compared to Northern parts.

4) How India's longitudinal extent is helpful for India?
Answer: i) India's geographical location is favourably essential for maritime trade.

ii) Due to its central location in eastern hemisphere, India lies on the major trade routes.

iii) It has helped in establishing close cultural and commercial contacts with Asian countries.

5) Why is the difference between the durations of day and night hardly felt at Koodankulam (in Tamil Nadu) but not so in Kashmir?
Answer: i) Koodankulam is just 9° away from equator. As equator receives the direct sunrays.

ii) There would not be hardly any difference between day and night, whereas Kashmir is 37° away from the equator. So, the difference between the duration of day and night is about 5 hours.

Important Terms of India Size And Location Chapter

Peninsula: A landmass surrounded by the sea on three sides.

Longitude: A longitude is a angular distance of a place east or west of the Prime Meridian.

Latitude: These are imaginary circles parallel to the equator.

Tropic of Cancer: The latitude of 23°30' of North which passes through the middle of India.

Important Map Work of India Size and Location chapter

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Map Work of India Size and Location chapter

Interesting facts in the chapter: India Size And Location

1) Indira Point got immersed under the sea water in 2004 during the Tsunami. {Southern Point of the Indian Union}

2) With the opening of Suez Canal in 1869, distance between India and Europe has been reduced by 7000 km. 

3) Our National Anthem in its hindi version was adopted on 24 January 1950 before Republic Day.

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Hope so you liked our notes of class 9 geography chapter India size and location. Centurion Knowledge recommends students that please read your NCERT Book before reading Notes of chapter India size and location, because this will help you better understanding this chapter.
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