India Size and Location Class 9 Geography Notes

Class 9 Geography Chapter India Size and Location Notes. In this chapter of Class 9, you will learn various aspects of India like its size, location and her relations with the rest of world. 

In short, we will concentrate on four topics in this chapter:
i) India’s Size
ii) India’s Location
iii) India and the World
iv) India and its neighbouring Countries

Our Notes of India Size and Location consists of:
i) Full Explanation of the Chapter
ii) Important Terms of the Chapter
iii) Important Map Work of the Chapter

India Size And Location Class 9 Notes

India’s Location Explanation

India is a large country in terms of its size. The Indian mainland extends between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E.

The Tropic of Cancer (23°30) divides the country into two equal parts. Southwest of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands are located. In the Southeast of the mainland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located.

India’s Size Explanation

The Indian landmass has an area of 3.28 million square km. India is the 7th largest country in the world.

India’s Total Landmass area is 2.4% of the world’s geographical area

India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km, and the total length of the mainland coastline, including the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep Islands, is 7516.6 km.

Important Point to Remember: The East-West extent appears smaller than the North-South extent.

Time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in UP) is taken as the Standard Time for the whole country. This is because the latitudinal extent of India affects the duration of the day and night, when someone moves from South to North.

India And The World Explanation 

The Indian Landmass has a central location between East and West Asia. Moreover, the Trans Indian Ocean routes, which connect the countries of Europe in the west and countries of East Asia, provide a strategic central location for India.

India has a prominent position in the Indian Ocean because no other country has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean as India has.

Important Point to Remember: Since the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, India’s distance from Europe has been reduced by 7000 km.

India’s contact with the world continued through the ages. Her land routes contacts are much older than maritime contacts. These land routes have contributed to the exchange of ideas and commodities. With the exchange of ideas, people’s life has also changed.

The ideas of Upanishads, Ramayana, Panchtantra, Indian numerals, and the Indian decimal system thus could reach many parts of the world through these old land routes.

Indian Neighbours Explanation

Indian Neighbouring Countries in the North: China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan.

Indian neighbouring countries in the North-west: Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Indian Neighbouring Countries in the East: Myanmar and Bangladesh.

Southern Neighbours: Sri Lanka and the Maldives are India’s southern neighbours. Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Manner, while the Maldives is situated to the south of the Lakshadweep Islands.

Important Terms of India Size And Location Chapter


Peninsula: A landmass surrounded by the sea on three sides.

Longitude: A longitude is an angular distance of a place east or west of the Prime Meridian.

Latitude: These are imaginary circles parallel to the equator.

Tropic of Cancer: The latitude of 23°30′ North, passes through India’s middle.

Important Map Work of India Size and Location chapter


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Map Work of India Size and Location chapter


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